Well, electric cars do not need oil in the fast place. So, do electric cars need oil changes? No. there is a very simple explanation for this. Electric cars do not use internal combustion engines as the rest of the cars do. The power to drive the vehicle is not from the engine but from a very large battery inside your car. However, if yours is a hybrid car, you will need to change the oil just like it is done to other cars with internal combustion engines. There are, however, many issues related to an electric vehicle.
To what maintenance do electric cars need is a very big topic. Stay around we have got your back covered. Indeed electric cars may not need to oil changes, but that does not they do need other maintenance services that the owner must perform. Electric cars are driven by powerful motors that are powered by a huge battery those cars come with.
How electric cars work
You ought to learn how an electric vehicle works so that maintenance can be an easy process for you. Yes, you will what to anticipate of your electric vehicle so that can always be prepared. So, I discuss what an electric car needs and why it needs it in the first place.
The power to drive your electric vehicle is drawn from a battery inside your car. You need to charge your vehicle from time to time using the electric grid just as you do your laptop or phone. Since the battery has no moving parts like an internal, you will never have to change the engine oil at all.
Parts that require maintenance
There is, however, an important part of your electric vehicle that will need your attention and careful maintenance. Parts that require your attention include the battery, thermal cooling system among others. Let us take a look at them in detail.
The interior of the electric vehicle requires cooling from time to time. Most parts that overheat include electric motors, powered electronics, and other interior parts.
Power electronic converter: this is the part that manages current flow in all other components within your electric car. Its role is to increase the efficiency of your vehicle as well as increase the longevity of your car battery.
Onboard charger: the function of this component is to convert AC power to DC power. Additional functions performed by this component are to monitor battery parameters such as the temperature, state of charge, current, and voltage.
Battery: this is the source of power for your car. Electric cars usually use lithium batteries. Lithium batteries are preferred because they charge faster and have got higher charge density compared to other types of batteries.
Yes, you read it ride DC/DC converter. This is a converter whose function is to combine high and low voltage DC so that the battery can charge effectively.
Electric motor: this is perhaps the second most important part of your electric vehicle. Its function is to convert energy from the battery into mechanical motion. In other words, it turns wheels.
These are among the most important parts of your electric vehicle. You ought to know how to maintain them well.
Do electric cars need oil? Fluid? Lubricants?
Do electric vehicles require oil changes? NO! whether you are in the US or one of the African countries, you do not need to change the oil of your electric vehicle because it does not need any. An internal combustion engine has so many moving parts such as the piston, valves, and crankshaft to mention just a few. All these parts require constant lubrication because of the heat generated and the wearing out of those moving parts. Electric vehicles do not have all those moving parts. There are other parts of the electric vehicle, however, that may necessity the use of fluids, lubricants, and oils. Oil in this vehicle will serve as cooling fluids. The electric vehicle transmission requires lubricants, so you out to periodically check on it.
Do electric motors need a regular oil change? Lubricant change?
Yes, they do. But not the engine as other internal combustion engines (ICE) cars. The lubricants and the power train in an electric vehicle are designed to last as long as the battery. However, the gearbox and the electric motors need to be carefully lubricated. This does not need to b carried out as often as the regular car engines do. This is why your electric car costs you less to maintain and operate compared to an internal combustion engine vehicle. Bearing in mind this is a relatively new technology, there is no much information available as to how often one needs to perform some kind of maintenance.
Most people have an annual checkup for their electric vehicles. However, if you plan to cover more than 14000 miles in a single year, you ought to schedule checkups twice a year. This will keep your battery safe from the improper drain. An extended battery is very important to an electric vehicle.
Oil change in an electric car compared to convection cars
As you know, electric cars use drive-lines that are very different from those used by other internal combustion engine vehicles. So, oil changes should never give you a headache. But it is important to regularly check during your scheduled maintenance. Internal combustion engines require oil to lubricating all moving parts on the engine. This is why oil is needed on ICE especially if the high-speed components have close-tolerance interaction. The oil wears out on those cars due to high temperatures as well as the atomic particles from the worn-out engine parts. This is why the car oil turns black after it is used sometimes.
The most important part of an EV is battery and the motor. The two do not require lubrication as often as an ICE do if they need one at all. The only fluids you are supposed to worry about as an EV owner are a windshield washing fluid, coolant, and brake fluid. Coolant is necessary to keep the battery at require working temperatures. Coolant has to be replaced or added during your scheduled maintenance.
Electric cars use the regenerative braking system. this is where the wheels now turn the motor ( now a generator) to produce power that is stored in your battery. This barking system requires braking fluid to work very efficiently. You may replace the fluid after covering 40,000 kilometers or so. Windshield washing fluid may be refilled as often as you need. There is no recommended time to replace this type of fluid. You are at liberty to refill as many times as you deem necessary.
Other traditional car maintenance electric cars do not need
Your EV works quite differently from an ICE vehicle. There are many other traditional car maintenance done on an ICE car that you never have to do as an EV owner. Besides zero oil change requirement, the following are maintenance activities you should never get worried about.
- Replacing belts
- Replacing sparkplug
- Radiator maintenance
- Changing filters needed for fuel
- Cylinder and ring replacement
- Changing the drive belts
- Camshaft and crankshaft problems
- Changing water pump
- Issues related to the carburetor
- Exhaust gas system problems
- Blown head gaskets
Now, do you see why maintaining and operating an electric vehicle is less expensive? You will save both money and time owning an EV.
Regular maintenance requirements for electric cars
So far we have been discussing how owning an electric vehicle has lower maintenance requirements compared to an ICE car. Now that your question “do electric cars need oil changes?” has been answered, let us look at maintenance practices that are needed for an EV.
1. Battery coolant
Just as is the case with normal ICE cars, EVs experience heat problems as well. Drawing a lot of power from a lithium battery causes overheating and hence there is the need to use a coolant. So coolant is extremely important in an EV just as oil is important in an ICE car.
It is your responsibility as an EV owner to check the coolant level whenever you go for a checkup. Additional things you should consider when taking care of the battery are the power inverter and cabin heater. If owners fail to take off these two items besides the battery, there is the likelihood of your car catching fire. Make sure the coolant level is high as recommended.
2. Brake pads
There is little you can do when it comes to brake pads. The brake pads used by an EV rarely wear out since they are regenerative so there is no much wear on brake pads. Regenerative energy uses the wheel to generate power which is stored in the battery.
Regenerative braking is the main means of stopping electric cars. So, braking pads wear at a slower rate than other ICE vehicles.
Since the regenerative braking system is so important to an EV, you ought to have it checked regularly. Besides slowing your vehicle down, regenerative brakes generate additional power to give you more range before recharging again.
3. Transmission fluid
Please note that this kind of maintenance will depend on the type of car you are using. For instance, Tesla cars and Porch Taycan operate differently as far as transmission fluid is concerned.
If yours is the current Tesla cars, transmission fluid maintenance is not necessary because they do not have any.
According to the trusted sources, Porsche`s new vehicle will have a two-speed gearbox which will need regular maintenance.
4. Software maintenance
Electric vehicles heavily depend on software when it comes to power management since everything within the car is run by the battery. It is now quite common to find such systems in internal combustion engines.
Tesla has made software updates over the dealership. The updates are now done over the air. This has given high-efficiency tweaks to power management. There has been an update in the past that has caused the EV owners to wince.
5. Cabin air filter
The most benefit that electric vehicles have is zero-emission. So, the outside air is kept clean. However, to keep the air inside your clean, there are cabin air filters that come with many EVs. The cabin air filters are meant to reduce the amount of dust, pollen, and industrial fallout. Most manufacturers recommend you change your cabin air filters after two or so years. This is approximately after about 30, 000 miles.
Can owning an electric car save you money?
This will depend on the car you owned before going for an electric car. Reviews show that there are cars such as Honda Fit that are far cheaper to maintain and buy compared to an EV.
If you are used to BMW or a Mercedes Benz, going for an EV is a very feasible alternative. If you get a car that has a range of 300 miles and you have access to chargers, then you will be a very lucky person.
After five years or so, sell you can to give someone else a chance of dealing with troubles that are associated with old batteries. You need to replace your battery after seven years.
Do hybrid vehicles need oil changes?
Yes, your hybrid car needs regular oil changes. A hybrid car has systems that an ICE has and everything that an EV has. Most of the time, the battery is going to be used at low speeds and while in traffic. However, at other times, it is important to count the miles and engine life of your ICE.
Many reviews indicate that a hybrid car requires an oil change after covering distances between 5000 and 10000 miles. Follow manufacturers’ recommendations.
How long does an EV battery last?
An ICE wears out completely or is considered useless after about 200,000. The EVs are very different. Most of the EV battery you get in the market comes with a warranty that lasts about 8 years or 100000 miles.
Other than cooling, EV batteries do not need maintenance for the entire life of your car. Lithium batteries are known to degrade by themselves with time. It is not a malfunction or a failure. Many factors that may accelerate degradation include high temperatures, charging frequency, and the conditions the battery is operated.
Effects of degradation include reduced range over time. After some time, 8 years or so, you will need to replace your battery. However, it is advisable to sell your car and buy a new one. And why should do this? EV batteries are very expensive to replace. For instance, the EV Chevrolet battery has to be replaced for $ 15, 000.
What far can you drive between charges?
On average, you should be able to cover about 100 miles or 161 kilometers between charges. However, the range varies from one model to another. The newest Tesla model allows you to cover about 200 miles or 32o kilometers between charges.
Kilowatt-hours per mile, most vehicles have an average of 30 kWh per 100 miles. In the US, 1 kWh costs approximately 13.00 cents. So, you should be able to calculate the cost of operating your EV.
Read more on “can electric scooters be used manually?
Do Tesla cars need oil changes?Do electric cars need oil changes
All Tesla cars are purely electric. So, the regular oil changes that ICE vehicles need are not required for any Tesla model. Tesla vehicles do not need you to change oil filters or oil changes because they are not installed in such vehicles.
Do electric cars need servicing?
Yes, electric vehicles require regular maintenance but not as often as other ICE vehicles require. The most important part you need to take care of include the batteries, software, motor.
Do electric cars need water?
No, water has been necessary for ICE vehicles to be used for cooling. However, the coolants in many EVs are compound that has more than water. So, water not necessary, or at least you will not require to refill as you do for an ICE.
Do electric cars need transmission fluid?
Not all electric cars need transmission fluid. As I had explained before, there are some tesla models, the newest models, that do not require transmission fluid. However, there are many models from other manufacturers that use transmission fluid.
Will electric cars kill the oil industry?
Now that you have to Do electric cars need oil changes, The next question is whether this will have an effect on the oil industry. Well, the oil industry is very hard to kill. For starters, oil is not only used to power cars and other machines but also in generators. Some of such generators are used to charge EVs in many charging stations. While the fuel is used in cars, its use to produce electricity is likely to continue until alternative sources of energy are discovered by man.
Do electric cars need lubricants?
Electric cars require lubricants for parts other than the engine. There are door hedges among other things that may require you to lubricate from time to time.
Do electric cars need gas?
If your car is purely electric, you will never need gas. The gas power ICE cars but lithium battery powers an EV. So you will never have to use gas ever in your life if opt for an electric can.